If you’ve sầu installed your Windows with a MAK hàng hóa key & now want lớn change it to KMS or install a clean OS (never activated), this guide will definitely help you. It also can be useful if you want to lớn activate your Windows copy on the corporate KMS hệ thống, this guide will definitely help you.Quý Khách vẫn xem: How to activate windows server 2008 r2 enterprise without mạng internet connection

Microsoft offers two ways of Windows and MS Office activation for corporate customers under the volume license program. They can use MAK & KMS keys for activation.

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MAK (Multiple Activation Keys)—MAK license is lượt thích a Retail (box) license, but allows lớn activate several copies of Windows using a single MAK key. The number of activations limited. It depends on the type of your license agreement (mở cửa, Select, or Enterprise Agreement). You must activate Windows copy with the MAK key installed via the Internet or by phone;KMS (Key Management Service)—this is an activation type for enterprise customers. The KMS activation hệ thống allows to activate corporate versions of Windows OSs & Microsoft Office products within the enterprise network. The KMS infrastructure is very simple: install Volume Activation Services role on Windows Server, add your KMS Host Key (from Microsoft Volume Licensing Service Center), & activate your corporate KMS server on Microsoft (persize this only once). After that, your enterprise KMS clients can send activation requests to lớn the KMS hệ thống & activate with it.

The main advantages of KMS activation:

KMS clients vị not need to lớn access the Internet or the phone lớn activate the product. Only network access lớn the KMS hệ thống is required;The KMS client is being activated on the internal KMS hệ thống for 180 days and attempts to lớn renew the activation every 7 days;In case the KMS server is damaged or lost, there is nothing khổng lồ restore from backup on the KMS server. Install a new hệ thống, install KMS role, enter the KMS host key, activate—và everything is ready lớn go!;Instead of a KMS activation, in the AD domain name you can use the Active sầu Directory optimized version—ADBA (Active sầu Directory Based Activation);KMS infrastructure is simple và extensible, one KMS server can serve sầu thousands of clients.

Deploying KMS Activation Host on Windows Server 2019

You can install a KMS hệ thống on any version of Windows Server. In this example, we will show how to install a KMS activation VPS on Windows Server 2019 using PowerShell.


Run the PowerShell console as administrator & exexinh đẹp the following command:

Now you can install your KMS host key on your hệ thống. Run the command:slmgr /ipk In order to lớn activate your KMS server on Microsoft servers online, run the command:slmgr /ato(you need to temporarily provide direct Internet for your server);To check the KMS hệ thống activation status, run:slmgr /dlvNow you can configure KMS clients to activate on your KMS hệ thống.Please note that KMS host key Windows Srv 2019 allows you khổng lồ activate all previous versions of Windows, starting from Windows 7/Windows Server 2008 R2. However, if your KMS server is activated with an older host key, you won’t be able to lớn activate new versions of Windows.

For example, if you activated your KMS VPS with the Windows Srv 2012R2 key, you cannot activate Windows 10 or Windows Server 2016. The maximum supported versions of Windows khổng lồ activate in this case are Windows 8.1 & Windows Server 2012 R2.

If you use previous versions of Windows as the KMS VPS, you need to lớn install special updates before installing a new KMS host key:

Windows Server 2012 R2 — servicing staông chồng update KB3173424, & any lachạy thử cumulative update;Windows Server 2016 — servicing staông chồng update KB4132216, and any lademo cumulative sầu update.

Activate Windows with KMS Server

Changing the activation key lớn the public KMS Client Setup Key

Before activating your Microsoft product (Windows or Office) on the KMS VPS, you must change the sản phẩm activation key to lớn the public KMS Client Setup Key. You can change the hàng hóa key to lớn KMS from the Windows GUI (use the comm& slui.exe cộ 4), or you can use the slmgr command line tool. Slmgr.vbs is a VBS script located in the %SystemRootsystem32 folder và used to lớn manage the Windows licensing on a local or remote computer;To activate a KMS client, it must have a special KMS public key installed. This sản phẩm key is called the GVLK key (Generic Volume License Key). For each Windows editions, this key is chất lượng. To replace an existing hàng hóa key, run the commvà prompt as an administrator on the computer you are want khổng lồ activate và type:

slmgr.vbs /iđại chiến XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX(XXXXX is GVLK key for your Windows edition from the table below)In our case, we want to activate Windows 10 Enterprise LTSC 2019 on a KMS VPS. The KMS Client key installation commvà will look like this:

slmgr.vbs /ipk M7XTQ-FN8P6-TTKYV-9D4CC-J462D


To activate Windows with the KMS server, run the command:Slmgr.vbs /atoAnd wait until the message Product activated successfully appear;As you can see, the utility returned the following useful info:

Name — the OS version;Description — distribution channel VOLUME_KMSCLIENT channel;License status — licensed;Volume activation expirations — 180 days;KMS hệ thống IP. address & DNS name.

Most Comtháng KMS Activation Errors

Most often users facing the following errors when activating Windows with KMS server:

0xC004F074 — key management server is unavailable. It means that the KMS service on the hệ thống is not running or access to it from the client is blocked (check TCPhường port 1688 availability on a server);0xC004F038 — you did not have the necessary number of activation request on the KMS VPS (for desktop Windows edition the minimum number of KMS clients – 25, for Windows Server – 5);0xC004F015 — you can see this error when you try khổng lồ activate Windows 10/Server 2016/2019 on an old KMS server that is activated with the old KMS host key. In this case, you need khổng lồ get a new KMS host key from VLSC, and reactivate your KMS VPS.

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Windows Public GVLK Keys

Operating system versionKMS Client License Key
Windows Server 2019
Windows Server 2019 DatacenterWMDGN-G9PQG-XVVXX-R3X43-63DFG
Windows Server 2019 StandardN69G4-B89J2-4G8F4-WWYCC-J464C
Windows Server 2019 EssentialsWVDHN-86M7X-466P6-VHXV7-YY726
Windows 10 LTSC 2019
Windows 10 Enterprise LTSC 2019M7XTQ-FN8P6-TTKYV-9D4CC-J462D
Windows 10 Enterprise N LTSC 201992NFX-8DJQP-P6BBQ-THF9C-7CG2H
Windows Server 2016
Windows Server 2016 DatacenterCB7KF-BWN84-R7R2Y-793K2-8XDDG
Windows Server năm 2016 StandardWC2BQ-8NRM3-FDDYY-2BFGV-KHKQY
Windows Server 2016 EssentialsJCKRF-N37P4-C2D82-9YXRT-4M63B
Windows 10
Windows 10 ProfessionalW269N-WFGWX-YVC9B-4J6C9-T83GX
Windows 10 Professional NMH37W-N47XK-V7XM9-C7227-GCQG9
Windows 10 EnterpriseNPPR9-FWDCX-D2C8J-H872K-2YT43
Windows 10 Enterprise NDPH2V-TTNVB-4X9Q3-TJR4H-KHJW4
Windows 10 EducationNW6C2-QMPVW-D7KKK-3GKT6-VCFB2
Windows 10 Education N2WH4N-8QGBV-H22JP-CT43Q-MDWWJ
Windows 10 Enterprise 2015 LTSBWNMTR-4C88C-JK8YV-HQ7T2-76DF9
Windows 10 Enterprise 2015 LTSB N2F77B-TNFGY-69QQF-B8YKP-D69TJ
Windows 10 Enterprise năm nhâm thìn LTSBDCPHK-NFMTC-H88MJ-PFHPY-QJ4BJ
Windows 10 Enterprise năm nhâm thìn LTSB NQFFDN-GRT3P-VKWWX-X7T3R-8B639
Windows Server 2012 R2
Windows Server 2012 R2 StandardD2N9P-3P6X9-2R39C-7RTCD-MDVJX
Windows Server 2012 R2 DatacenterW3GGN-FT8W3-Y4M27-J84CP-Q3VJ9
Windows Server 2012 R2 EssentialsKNC87-3J2TX-XB4WP-VCPJV-M4FWM
Windows 8.1
Windows 8.1 ProfessionalGCRJD-8NW9H-F2CDX-CCM8D-9D6T9
Windows 8.1 Professional NHMCNV-VVBFX-7HMBH-CTY9B-B4FXY
Windows 8.1 EnterpriseMHF9N-XY6XB-WVXMC-BTDCT-MKKG7
Windows 8.1 Enterprise NTT4HM-HN7YT-62K67-RGRQJ-JFFXW
Windows Server 2012
Windows Server 2012 CoreBN3D2-R7TKB-3YPBD-8DRP2-27GG4
Windows Server 2012 Chip Core N8N2M2-HWPGY-7PGT9-HGDD8-GVGGY
Windows Server 2012 Chip Core Single Language2WN2H-YGCQR-KFX6K-CD6TF-84YXQ
Windows Server 2012 Vi xử lý Core Country Specific4K36P-JN4VD-GDC6V-KDT89-DYFKP
Windows Server 2012 Server StandardXC9B7-NBPP2-83J2H-RHMBY-92BT4
Windows Server 2012 Standard CoreXC9B7-NBPP2-83J2H-RHMBY-92BT4
Windows Server 2012 MultiPoint StandardHM7DN-YVMH3-46JC3-XYTG7-CYQJJ
Windows Server 2012 MultiPoint PremiumXNH6W-2V9GX-RGJ4K-Y8X6F-QGJ2G
Windows Server 2012 Datacenter48HP8-DN98B-MYWDG-T2DCC-8W83P
Windows Server 2012 Datacenter Core48HP8-DN98B-MYWDG-T2DCC-8W83P
Windows 8
Windows 8 ProfessionalNG4HW-VH26C-733KW-K6F98-J8CK4
Windows 8 Professional NXCVCF-2NXM9-723PB-MHCB7-2RYQQ
Windows 8 Enterprise32JNW-9KQ84-P47T8-D8GGY-CWCK7
Windows 8 Enterprise NJMNMF-RHW7P-DMY6X-RF3DR-X2BQT
Windows Server 2008 R2
Windows Server 2008 R2 HPC EditionFKJQ8-TMCVP-FRMR7-4WR42-3JCD7
Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter74YFP-3QFB3-KQT8W-PMXWJ-7M648
Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise489J6-VHDMP-X63PK-3K798-CPX3Y
Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-Based SystemsGT63C-RJFQ3-4GMB6-BRFB9-CB83V
Windows Server 2008 R2 StandardYC6KT-GKW9T-YTKYR-T4X34-R7VHC
Windows Web Server 2008 R26TPJF-RBVHG-WBW2R-86QPH-6RTM4
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008 Datacenter7M67G-PC374-GR742-YH8V4-TCBY3
Windows Server 2008 Datacenter without Hyper-V22XQ2-VRXRG-P8D42-K34TD-G3QQC
Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-Based Systems4DWFP-JF3DJ-B7DTH-78FJB-PDRHK
Windows Server 2008 EnterpriseYQGMW-MPWTJ-34KDK-48M3W-X4Q6V
Windows Server 2008 Enterprise without Hyper-V39BXF-X8Q23-P2WWT-38T2F-G3FPG
Windows Server 2008 StandardTM24T-X9RMF-VWXK6-X8JC9-BFGM2
Windows Server 2008 Standard without Hyper-VW7VD6-7JFBR-RX26B-YKQ3Y-6FFFJ
Windows Web Server 2008WYR28-R7TFJ-3X2YQ-YCY4H-M249D
Windows 7
Windows 7 ProfessionalFJ82H-XT6CR-J8D7P-XQJJ2-GPDD4
Windows 7 Professional NMRPKT-YTG23-K7D7T-X2JMM-QY7MG
Windows 7 Enterprise33PXH-7Y6KF-2VJC9-XBBR8-HVTHH
Windows 7 Enterprise NYDRBP-3D83W-TY26F-D46B2-XCKRJ
Windows 7 Enterprise EC29WB-22CC8-VJ326-GHFJW-H9DH4
Windows Vista
Windows Vista BusinessYFKBB-PQJJV-G996G-VWGXY-2V3X8
Windows Vista Business NHMBQG-8H2RH-C77VX-27R82-VMQBT
Windows Vista EnterpriseVKK3X-68KWM-X2YGT-QR4M6-4BWMV
Windows Vista Enterprise NVTC42-BM838-43QHV-84HX6-XJXKV

After installing the GVLK key, the Windows tries to lớn either directly connect lớn the specified KMS server, or find a DNS SRV record that points to the KMS hệ thống, và then performs the activation.